You may think that debating is the freest form of expression possible but think again. Even debating has its taboos and sensitive topics for discussion. It does seem strange that the art of clinical dissection of facts and the battleground of pure logic there are limits to expression. Some would argue that it’s unreasonable to have these limits, but while I would agree wholly, it is in part down to the law, how the public may perceive a debate, how scientists and researchers would like to contextualise an issue, and the public feeling uncomfortable having a topic openly argued about.
How not debating taboos can lead to political change
For the last 20 years in many Western nations, people have felt uncomfortable talking about immigration and what it means to be of a country. It has led to strong accusations of racism and bigotry from all sides from people who wanted to talk about the subject. Steven Bannon, a former editor of Breitbart and President Trump’s advisor, has been strongly condemned for criticising globalisation and immigration. Given the recent rise in popularism, one could contend that this is primarily down to the fact many were not able to openly debate this topic, and thus when the time came to vent their displeasure politically, the opportunity was there for the taking. The election of Donald Trump, Brexit, The Yellow Vest protests in France are but just a few examples. It is true that the topic of immigration and nationality can quickly become conflated with that of racism and intolerance. Some people who are covertly racist would use the topic of immigration to shield themselves of their true beliefs. What is evident is that many see that the debate needs to be had for the critics to then disappear.
01. Capitalism and climate change
In some countries, like the United States, it has become a taboo to challenge the concept of Capitalism, such is the ingrained meaning of the word and its historical ties to the Cold War many are not impressed. The simple truth is that we live on an Earth with finite resources, yet the nature of Capitalism dictates that profits and consumption must increase. Some, who are more radical in this concept would cynically say that having children is to bring more consumers to the market and therefore increase the spending base for a company. If climate change is to be tackled, the biggest reduction would need to be in energy consumption and to demand fewer resources from the environment (reduce consumerism). Also offering new “green-consumerism” is also a problem, because where are the resources to create those products? Where will the value come from to sell to consumers? There is an argument that protecting the environment and an economic model based on unlimited growth are incompatible.
Possible debate topics with points
Climate change cannot be stopped without changing the economic system.
- The Earth has limited resources, and consumers cannot demand more from limited supplies.
- Capitalism demands growth for the sake of growth, we need a sustainable system instead.
- Profits from carving up nature are killing off large mammals and plants in the world, only through selfless conservation can we heal the environment.
- The economy is moving towards a totally digital age. There is a future economy based on non-real products, limiting the impact on the environment.
- New technology needs to be created so that materials can be farmed without needing new natural resources.
- Eliminating waste and making manufacturing into a closed-loop production process is going to be a game changer.
- This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate
- Capitalism: A Love Story
- Heat, Greed and Human Need: Climate Change, Capitalism and Sustainable Wellbeing
- Climate Change, Capitalism, and Corporations (Business, Value Creation, and Society)
- Climate Capitalism: Global Warming And The Transformation Of The Global Economy
02. Over-population and environmental destruction
Mainstream science does not like talking about how having more mouths to feed will be affecting land use and biodiversity on the planet, or how it will put increasing pressure on water use. In its most rational sense it is clear that talking about world population is rather sensible, I mean, how do we feed 7 billion (and counting) people on Earth? Where are they going to live? What type of quality of life are they going to want to have? All of these questions are reasonable, but when we think about forced population control, like the One Child Policy in China or forced sterilisation in India, then preventing people from creating families becomes a fact of cruelty. The topic itself refers gently to a time when people believed that couples who were not intelligent or had disabilities should not be allowed to have children. This policy was enforced by many governments and was called Eugenics. Though we now call it a racist science, the topic of over-population is hardly ever discussed for it does link back to a dark time in human history and scientific thought.
Possible debate topic with points
Restricting human population will help curb environmental destruction.
- Humans are demanding ever more from the planet, and this is causing irreversible damage to the planet.
- Each additional person is producing carbon dioxide and responsible family planning should be implemented.
- Humans are custodians of the Earth and so we to think about how people are in balance with nature.
- Humans have the right to life and the right to have a family, it is their birthright to do so.
- There are enough resources on Earth for all people, the major issue is over-consumption in some regions while other regions resources are distributed poorly.
- Capitalism and consumerism encourage the unrestricted use of Earth’s resources, our economic and political systems need to take into account Earth’s finite resources.
- Overdevelopment, Overpopulation, Overshoot
- Move Upstream: A Call to Solve Overpopulation
- The Myth of Over-Population [University Series: Historical Studies]
- The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History
Most societies around the world, as well as most major religions, prohibit the marriage of multiple people. While Islam does permit multiple people to enter marriage, the number of wives is limited to four. Even in the United States, there are some Mormon groups which attempt to create large families by having men marry as women from their community as possible. By doing so, it is believed that these men will guarantee their place in the “Celestial Kingdom” and so save their souls for eternity. In most Western countries the practice is largely illegal, however, there are 48 countries (as of 2018) which still permits plural marriages. In some counties like in Indonesia, the practice has gone digital. In 2017 a developer created an App called “Ayo Poligami”, that translates to “Let’s do Polygamy”, in the hope of connecting people who are interested to meet up. While this sparked controversy some 5% of the population to follow the practice and equates to approximately 13 million people. Thanks to the convenience of our digital age, this is probably set to grow.
This is a taboo as it overlaps with peoples religious freedoms.
Possible debate topic with points
Polygamy does not harm anyone and should be legalised.
- The marriage is between people who are consenting, they want to live in this way and are not forced.
- Relationships are private and the state must not interfere with people’s relationships.
- Who are we to judge how people live their lives.
- Polygamy opens too many people to abuse and the opportunity for people to be mistreated.
- Marriage should be the one’s commitment to one and only one person.
- It isn’t possible to provide love care and support to hundreds of people in a polygamous relationship, there are limits to how much we can invest in multiple people.
04. Reparations for slave descendants
Reparation is a type of financial compensation given to someone for damage or harm caused to them. Many have argued to provide this to the children of those who were slaves in the United States. The exact type of compensation is thought to be either land-based, so to given free land, or to provide cash or a period of tax-free status. Others have thought it would be better to provide other forms of compensation instead. In any case, the subject is controversial as there is not a wide base of agreement from any group.
There is a lot of controversy with this topic because it reopens the subject of racism and brings to life the wounds of the past.
Possible debate topic with points
Nations involved in the slave trade should pay reparations.
- People who have received harm or injustice should be given the right to justice in the eyes of the law.
- The UK trafficked more than 2 million Africans to the Carribean during the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. The compensation would set to balance the decline of the male population who would have been benefiting African nations.
- In 1834, one year after the British abolition of slavery, the 46,000 British slave owners received compensation to the tune of between £16bn and £17bn from the British government for their ‘loss of property’, while the freed slaves received nothing.
- We cannot have a collective responsibility in the present for things that have happened in the past. Should the descendants of Egyptian slaves also be compensated?
- There is uncertainty how many generations of people are to be compensated.
- We need to boost cultural and historical understanding instead. Slavery and colonialism should be taught in schools so that it never happens again.
- Reparations for Slavery and the Slave Trade: A Transnational and Comparative History
- Should America Pay?: Slavery and the Raging Debate on Reparations
- The Case for Black Reparations
- Britain’s Black Debt: Reparations for Caribbean Slavery and Native Genocide
05. Real images of war on TV
We have a natural instinct to look away when we see something terrible, but at the same time, we are often curious when we see a tragedy. In a way, the job of TV is to show as much of reality as possible while also shielding people from traumatic scenes that are frankly uncommon and extreme. In this way, TV is to show as much information as needed and then no more. Is this the right way to think about it? Some people think that if people do see more of real life then they are thinking about the true consequences of war and what suffering really means.
The real taboo surrounding this topic is related to people’s patriotism and their desire to not be too critical of the actions of their own government. There are also large financial interests at play.
Possible debate topic with points
War should be televised.
- People have become disconnected from the reality of war and so they often support conflict when they don’t truly understand the consequences.
- The lies of the media and politicians need to be seen by everyone.
- The audience can decide on the best course of political action once they are informed of the whole truth.
- War is traumatic and would hurt people psychologically.
- Children can be exposed and become damaged by it.
- Violence and gore are not entertaining.
The need to discuss delicate topics will appear repeatedly over our lifetimes. Being aware of the issues will enable people to debate and come to a decision in a more methodical manner. If you liked this debate article, please comment below or share on Facebook!